Case Studies

Side Road Zebra Crossing Trial

Tuesday, 10 January, 2023
Side road Zebra crossing trial VivaCity data

VivaCity data is supporting a landmark road safety initiative

Like many councils across the UK, Cardiff Council, supported by Welsh Government and Transport for Wales, wants to encourage more active and sustainable travel. Making roads safer for pedestrians and other vulnerable modes is essential to achieving this.

A trial of non-prescribed ‘simple’ zebra crossings on three side roads has been commissioned by Welsh Government. VivaCity data is supporting the trial’s evaluation.


VivaCity monitoring approach

Two sensors are installed at each crossing site. Wide angle-lenses are used to capture movement data occurring on the zebra crossing itself and motor vehicle and cyclist turning data from the main road onto the side road at the approach to the crossing.

Image shows VivaCity sensor view (blurred) of a side zebra trial site in Cardiff
Sensor view of side road zebra crossing
Image shows movement path data captured by VivaCity sensor at trial side zebra crossing in Cardiff.
Side road zebra crossing with movement data captured by sensor

The area surrounding the crossing is divided into seven sections within the sensor’s field view.

Movement and speed data from these segments illustrate road user behaviours and patterns in response to the crossings and road safety consequences of their installation.

These datasets were provided to TRL for analysis.

Key insights the data will identify include the Give Way behaviours of vehicles and cyclists when a pedestrian is using the crossing and how the presence of the side zebras is influencing where pedestrians cross the road. 

In addition to this it will also be possible to understand how vehicles alter their behaviour on the approach to the crossing, and to what degree this changed following the installation of the crossing.


Prescribed vs Non-prescribed Zebra Crossings

Image shows example of prescribed zebra crossing.
Prescribed Zebra Crossing
FeaturePrescribedNon-prescribed
Black and white stripes across the carriagewayYesYes
Give way lines on either sideYesYes
An illuminated Belisha beacon at each end of the crossingYesNo
A line of studs marking the crossing areaYesNo
Zigzag marks on the approachYesNo

Benefits of non-prescribed zebra crossings

A prescribed zebra crossing with associated infrastructure can cost up to £40,000 to install. Without studs and Belisha beacons, a non-prescribed zebra crossing can be installed much faster and at a fraction of the cost.

Whatsmore, because non-prescribed zebra crossings forego zigzag marks on the approach of the zebra, they can be installed at the mouth of a junction on side roads – where pedestrians are most likely to cross the road.

Data guides future road safety regulations

Currently there is no ‘DMRB standard’ for simplified zebras in Wales. Data from this trial will be used to determine if there is a strong business case for introducing clear regulations for simplified zebra crossings to make it easier for Welsh councils to prescribe them.

Updates to the Highway Code made in January 2022 had the overarching theme of improving the safety of the most vulnerable road users, underpinned by the formalised hierarchy of road users concept. This hierarchy places road user type most at risk in the event of a collision – pedestrians – at the top.

Employing the hierarchy concept in a use case particularly relevant to the side road zebra crossing trial in Cardiff, the Code update clarified that if people have started crossing and traffic wants to turn into a road, pedestrians crossing have priority and traffic must give way.

It’s essential that accurate, comprehensive road user data that captures behaviours and interactions across every hierarchical layer, is at the heart of road safety policy and infrastructure decision-making. Intervention performance analysis from trials like this one in Cardiff, are key to road safety improvements that encourage active travel and a sustainable road network for all.

Learn more about the Side Road Zebra trial here: Simple Zebra Crossing Trial – Cardiff Council


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